Bream: habitat, feeding, reproduction
Bream, is a close relative of carp. Both types of harvested forage mainly on the bottom. Bream feed on plants, all sorts of small animals. Warm nights in early summer, this fish is looking for a flat, overgrown with water plants places to lay there eggs. Large shoals of bream are often collected on a separate spawning grounds.
Each female lays from 90,000 to 3,000,000 eggs. The eggs are adhesive, they are attached to the stems of plants. How long eggs hatch into larva depends on the temperature of the water. But the content of oxygen in the water is important.
The larvae fasten some time, their glands, which are on the head, to water plants. From the third to fourth years of life, the bream become sexually Mature.
- Size: As a rule, the length from 30 to 50 cm, there are instances of up to 75 cm, which weigh up to 6 kg.
- Signs: the fish high back, and it seems to be flattened laterally. Covered with silvery scales.
- Food: Eats insect larvae, crustaceans and worms.
- Reproduction: Spawning on flat, covered the shores in may and June, the larvae hatch in 3-12 day.
- Habitat: found in large, food-rich lakes and in areas with a slow current flowing in them rivers. In Europe, except the Iberian Peninsula, Northern Scandinavia and some parts of the Balkans is widely distributed up to Asia.