Danube salmon (Hucho hucho) is one of four species of the genus Hucho. The other three species are found in Asia. This is the taimen (Hucho taimert), Sichuan taimen (Hucho bleekeri), and Korean taimen (Hucho ishikawae). In 1963 V. D. Vladykov suffered a fifth fish of this genus, of Sakhalin taimen (cevica) (Hucho perryi), in the genus Parohucho. And still it belongs or to the genus Parahucho, or Hucho. All of these species can live in fresh and salt water, are predators, in form and body type are similar to each other. The Danube salmon is found, particularly in the East of the Transcarpathian region in the middle and lower reaches of the rivers Tereblya and Teresva, Tisza in the Carpathian region in the basins of Prut and Cheremosh.
Sport fishing for Danube salmon, as on a spinning, and artificial fly, the passions can only be compared with fishing the salmon family. Surprise attack the bait, and the tremendous power of this fish, which is manifested during the fight with the fish, leave an unforgettable impression.
SECURITY PERIOD: March — may.
SPAWNING: March — April.
DAILY LIMIT: 7 per week.
MINIMUM ACCEPTABLE SIZE: 70 cm
RECORD: maximum mass of the Danube salmon was in the scientific literature, — 52 kg. However, the Russian magazine “Fly fishing” (October 2002) Mikhail Skopets writes about the Danube salmon, which weighed 60 kg.
Danube salmon treats lithophilic fishes. The female reaches sexual maturity at 3-4 years of life, and the male at the age of 4-5 years. To this point, the female weighs 1-2 kg, 2-3 kg. male In March or April the female lays on a sand bottom up to 18,000 eggs with a diameter of 4.5-6 mm. male and Female, energetically working head and tail, small tear on the bottom of the pit, in which are deposited larger eggs bright yellow. Upon completion of spawning, the eggs sprinkled with pebbles, to avoid being taken over or ate by other fish.
The fry feed on insect larvae and fry Podust and other fish. In the second year of life the young fish start to feed on the fish; sculpin, minnows, barbs and Podust, to a lesser extent, trout and grayling. Salmon does not disdain and insects, as evidenced by frequent biting on the nymph and wet fly. Large specimens eat mice. Individuals body weight which is more than 2kg, you can hunt for Chicks of ducks, can miss frogs, snakes and even rats and mink.
Huchen inhabits large rivers with a rapid current, mostly in the same place where the grayling and barbel, but also found in stagnant water.
The Danube salmon is one of the largest European raptors. With a weight of 20 kg it is a storm not only for the Dace, Chub, Podust, and grayling, but also for amphibians and waterfowl. Many anglers have lost a major lure crushed by strong jaws of the king of the Carpathian rivers.
Until recently the literature indicated that the Danube salmon is found only in the waters of the Danube river basin. This misconception was based on the statements of many scientists. In modern works, this error is already not allowed, since it is known that in recent decades, the habitat of the Danubian salmon has expanded considerably and thanks to the successful introductions of the Danube salmon is well acclimatized in many rivers of the catchment area of the Baltic sea.
According to Galicica (1982), Danube salmon spread apart from Poland, in the rivers of England, Finland, Sweden, Bulgaria, Switzerland, France, Spain, Belgium, Morocco, USA and Canada. Of the 38 attempts were crowned with success only 20 %. In some rivers, for example, Ussé (France), as well as in the rivers of Morocco, Danube salmon found good conditions for habitation, evidence of which became more rapid growth than in the Danube basin. In Poland, significant populations of Danube salmon remain in the rivers Dunajec, Poprad, San, Bóbr. The Danube salmon is here only species that was under threat of extinction, but he was able to save. This was made possible thanks to the relocation of fish outside their natural habitat, as well as permanent and systematic stocking of the rivers. Behavior Danube salmon depends on atmospheric conditions, time of day and year:
- during rising water, he kept close to the shore;
- morning and evening it moves to the shallow areas of the rivers;
- day and summer is in the deepest areas below rapids and near the mouths of cold tributaries.