Freshwater fishes of Russia
Freshwater fishes of Russia
In reservoirs of Russia is found a large species diversity of fish. Nowadays fishing is a hobby. Fishing can not only catch fish, but also to relax, which is especially important in our difficult time. Our ancestors also fished, but their task was to feed themselves and their families. In addition, fish products are much healthier meat products. This is especially true of baby food, feed the sick and the elderly.
It makes sense to get acquainted with the main representatives of river fish.
- 1 List of freshwater fish of Russia with pictures and names
- 1.1 Sudak
- 1.2 Perch
- 1.3 Ruff
- 1.4 Roach
- 1.5 Bream
- 1.6 Bream
- 1.7 Carp
- 1.8 Karp
- 1.9 Karas
- 1.10 Ling
- 1.11 Chub
- 1.12 IDE
- 1.13 ASP
- 1.14 Chehon
- 1.15 Podust
- 1.16 Bleak
- 1.17 Bystryanka
- 1.18 Gudgeon
- 1.19 carp
- 1.20 Carp
- 1.21 Kgs
- 1.22 Acne
- 1.23 Burbot
- 1.24 V
- 1.25 Char
- 1.26 Lamprey
- 1.27 Snakehead
- 1.28 Sturgeon
- 1.29 Trout
- 1.30 Grayling European
List of freshwater fish of Russia with pictures and names
It is a predatory fish which prefers to lead a gregarious life. Different camouflage color representing the dark bands across the back. It inhabits rivers with clean water. Reaching a depth closer to the bottom. In the diet of pike-perch included frogs, crustaceans and small fish. Every fisherman dreams to catch in his present perch. The meat from this valuable predator, with a set of practically all healthy components. Walleye can be caught, like on a spinning, and usual fishing rod if as bait to use live bait.
It is also a predatory fish. Redfish is often referred to as “striped bandit” because of the distinct stripes located on his body. Mostly kept large flocks, although trophy fish prefer a separate way of life. Hunting bass in the same flocks. Grows to a length up to 45 cm Caught on the artificial lures on spinning and bait if as bait to use a worm or Motyl.
Fishing is not particularly valuable, although it is believed that the most delicious ear of a ruff, as it is especially rich. In addition, it is believed that ruff is a favorite food for many predatory fish. The diet includes a variety of perch larvae that ruff can find at the bottom of the reservoir. Grows to 18 cm, with a weight of no more than 400 grams. You can catch fish on any bait, including bread.
Fairly common, not a big fish, which is a silvery shade. Can grow to a length of 20 cm and more. Rests on sections of the river where there are strong currents closer to the bottom. Can eating insects and their larvae, and small crustaceans. In the summer caught on baits of plant origin. Can eat eggs of other fish. Is very active all year round, so caught, as in pure water, and ice.
This fish is a dark silvery shade. Selects for the activity areas of muddy ponds, where the fish finds food in the form of shellfish, crustaceans, larvae of various insects, and algae. Live bream for about 8 years, growing over this period up to half a meter. Many anglers prefer to catch bream, as it’s pretty tasty meat. Caught bream on any attachments, both animal and vegetable origin.
Inexperienced anglers often confuse white bream with skimmers because they look very similar. The white bream has a slight bluish tint to its body and red fins. Not like fast currents and kept numerous flocks. Can grow to a length of 30 cm Meat is not tasty, because it has a lot of bones. Caught on nozzles of different origin.
In fact, carp wild carp. His scales have a dark Golden hue. Prefers the waters of the reservoir, where many natural and artificial barriers. In comparison with other types of fish can live in ponds with dirty water. The diet includes eggs of other fish and shoots cane. While carp can be caught on worms, and other baits of plant origin. Loves to dig in the mud, so the bait should be placed at the bottom.
There are several types of this fish that is of commercial interest. Characterized in that carp has a mustache. In artificially created conditions of carp fed kombikorma, and under natural conditions carp feeds on objects, both animal and vegetable origin. Despite the fact that the Park is considered a thermophilic fish, he easily stuck in colder regions. Carpatica caught this fish on the feeder, and as the bait suitable potatoes, corn, carp boilies and worms.
Carp is a quite interesting representative of the carp family, which is characterized in that it can live in difficult conditions. In winter it buries itself in mud and in a state of suspended animation is until spring. Carp is omnivorous fish, which can live on objects of any origin. It can grow up to 3 kg mostly caught in the summer on the flywheel rod. To fishing was successful, it is better to take several kinds of nozzles, as carp – fish is unpredictable.
Belongs to the family Cyprinidae. Prefers to be in the bays, rivers, overgrown with reeds. Quite slow to fish. Has a rather small scales and the lack of notches on caudal fin. Feeds on objects, both animal and vegetable origin. Caught tench on the float rod. As bait will suit the maggot or worm.
Chub is found only in the rivers and holds the sites with a rapid current. The diet includes insect larvae and insects which produces Chub, jumping high out of the water. In addition, he chases a fry of fish and for the frogs. The same large body and a large head. Grows to a length up to 80 cm Fish shy and cautious, so to catch Chub is not easy. With the advent of warm Chub caught, as on the dough, and the larvae of the may beetle. The main bait in the summer is grasshopper, dragonfly, fly, etc.
Different shade of silver scales, although apparently IDE can be confused with the Chub, which is the color of the scales darker. Bullhead is omnivorous, so it is caught with bait of any origin. Look for the IDE should be at greater depths and in areas where there are a variety of underwater obstacles, in the form of artificial structures (bridges) or fallen trees. Before wintering the fish gather in flocks, it is tolerant of temperature fluctuations. Especially interesting is the fish for anglers.
ASP is quite interesting predatory fish, which selects for its hunting places with a rapid flow, as well as places within the locks and dams. Has a great vision that allows him to see everything that is happening on the beach. The presence of the fish in the pond can be determined by characteristic “bumps” on the surface of the water. So he kills small fish, after which he grabs and swallows, grinding pharyngeal teeth. Grows to a length of 1 meter or more. Scales the fish has a light silver tint. To catch a Chub is quite difficult, but it is considered a desirable trophy for a fisherman.
It’s not a big one (relatively) resembling the herring. It inhabits water bodies with clean water. Leads gregarious lifestyle. The diet consists of various insects. Prefers to stay in the open, but deep rivers. Usually caught on long casts. Fish is not a bad flavor characteristics. Before cooking it is advisable to remove the gills.
Prefers to live in rivers with fast currents and cool water. The diet includes benthic algae and larvae, and also eggs of other fish. Caught mainly in the summer period.
This is not a big fish is common in almost all water bodies. Sticking close to the surface of the water numerous flocks. Caught on the bait almost all summer, since early spring. From catching the fish, you can get a lot of pleasure.
This fish can be easily confused with bleak. A distinctive feature is the presence of a dotted line, located on both sides of the body. The diet includes algae and zooplankton. The fish is not big, only 12 cm in length, not more. Prefers to be in rivers with fast current.
Minnows can also be found wherever clean water and a sandy bottom. This fish has a cylindrical body covered with relatively large scales, without mucus. Lead an active daily lifestyle, and with the advent of the night goes to the bottom. In the diet of the fish includes small invertebrates, larvae and various insects.
Grows to a length of 1 meter or more. Prefer to eat aquatic vegetation. Caught among the reeds semolina, pastry, peas or potatoes. Carp is oily and healthy meat, and therefore is considered a commercial fish.
Prefers to inhabit rivers with moderate flow and warm water. Grows to impressive size, gaining weight up to 20 kg, and even more. In the diet of carp included zooplankton, therefore, is caught exclusively on the nozzle of plant origin. The winter waits in suspended animation.
The largest carnivore inhabiting our waterways. Can reach several meters in length and weigh with up to 300 kg. depends mainly on the depth, within the deep pits. Goes hunting only at night. It is better to catch catfish from a boat, but in any case not alone. Large catfish so strong that it can easily flip the boat.
River eel takes place with no strong current and clay bottom. Eel is a fish of prey. Grows to a length of up to half a meter. Able to crawl from one pond to another by land. After spawning, the fish dies. Smoked eel is a real delicacy. Caught this predator on a variety of tackle. As bait used live bait.
This fish belongs to the family of cod. A distinctive feature of the burbot is his holodoljubivaja. Main activity of burbot in the winter shows. In the winter he spawns. The fish is carnivorous and quite large as grows to 1 meter in length. Caught in the nozzle of animal origin.
This fish is large, as it grows to 30 cm in length, although some specimens have longer. Prefers rivers with muddy bottoms. In case of danger, buries itself in the mud. If the pond dries up, the eel starts looking for another pond, crawling on the ground.
This fish, which belongs to the Salmonidae family, no scales. In the process of heat treatment of the meat decreases in volume. Meat is quite useful because it contains fatty omega-3 acids. The diet includes larvae and eggs of other fish. To catch on bloodworms.
This fish is listed in the Red book as endangered. Found in the waters of the Kuban and the don. Prefers to live in clean flowing water with a sandy bottom. The larvae of the lamprey grow up till about 20 cm, feeding on plankton and small invertebrates. This period lasts about 6 years. When adult lamprey spawn, it will die.
In appearance more like a snake. Snakehead is a predatory fish that can breathe air for 5 days. Can gain weight up to 30 kg Meat of this fish is delicious. It is possible to cook various dishes.
It belongs to the family Acipenseridae and is considered a valuable fish. A narrow long nose. Catching this fish without a license is strictly prohibited.
Prefers rivers with fast currents and cold water. Characteristic on the body many spots are not large in size irregular shape. In the diet of trout consists of crustaceans, tadpoles and various larvae. In addition, feeds on eggs, including their relatives.
This fish has a unique appearance. Dorsal fin dotted with bright yellow spots. Found in cold waters with fast currents. In our time, the rare fish, so the fishing is only permitted under license.
Naturally, this list can be continued, as in fact the species diversity greatly exceeds those described in the article.