Fish bullhead: appearance, description with photo, where the usual

Fish bullhead

The common bullhead is a fish of large size, which belongs to the family of loaches.

The contents

  • 1 habitat
  • 2 appearance
  • 3 lifestyle: diet
  • 4 Reproduction
  • 5 Economic value
  • 6 life expectancy


This fish inhabits many waterways of Europe, starting with UK and ending with the Kuban and the Volga.

Selects areas with sandy or clay bottom, where it can quickly dig in, sensing danger or having been engaged in the search for food.


The bullhead is the smallest member of the loach family. This fish grows to a length of no more than 10-12 inches, and weighs about 10 grams. Females usually larger than males. Body covered with small, scarcely visible scales and the lateral line is virtually absent. Below the eyes of Shipovka can be detected by two spikes, and near the mouth there are 6 antennae.

Spikes tend to move in when the fish sense danger. At the same time, she could easily hurt her abuser. Bullhead is quite different variegated colors, though not bright. As a rule, it always matches the background of the bottom of the reservoir. Grey, yellowish or brown dilute dark spots. Some of them, the large, arranged in rows along the body. The body of Shipovka somewhat compressed laterally, especially towards the head, from what it looks like a flat Popsicle stick.

Lifestyle: diet

Because the fish is not a serious different sizes, but on the contrary, its diet consists of small invertebrates and larvae of various insects that live on the bottom of the pond. The bullhead prefers to live in clear water, not like a fast current, like and don’t like stagnant sites. Despite this, the oxygen content in the water, or rather its interest, especially the bullhead is not puzzling, as it is able to breathe atmospheric air.

It inhabits rivers and lakes. Leads near the bottom and burrows in the sand in any danger. May as well hide among the seaweed hanging on the stems or leaves. In this regard, the bullhead has another name – the water lizard. Prefers to lead a secluded life. Their activity begins to manifest with the onset of dusk.

Her intestines are many blood vessels that extract oxygen from the air. To breathe, bullhead pokes its mouth out of the water. For a long period, the bullhead is able to eat nothing, if not for her the right food. These factors allow to breed this interesting fish in the aquarium.


The bullhead spawns in spring, like many other species of fish, going on small rivers, where females in shallow water spawn. After 5 days, the larvae hatch Shipovka hiding in the algae. The fry have external gills appear, due to the low oxygen content in the water. As they grow, the gills disappear. At the end of the summer, the fry of Shipovka leave shallow water and move into large rivers, where they overwinter.

Economic value

In addition, this fish is quite small, it is not so easy to catch, because it is a large part of its life on the bottom of the pond, buried in the sand. In this regard, it is to eat not eat, but it has a lot of positive qualities, which has gained much recognition. For example:

  • Many anglers using it as bait.
  • The bullhead thrives in artificially created conditions.
  • The bullhead is possible to determine the atmospheric pressure. If the pressure drops, it floats to the surface and begins to behave not absolutely adequately.

Knowing that, many anglers take it with me in the tank fishing. As a rule, at low pressure the bad fish are biting or not biting at all.

If the bullhead to keep in the aquarium, it should be remembered that it does not tolerate sunlight. In such circumstances, it buries itself in the ground and leaving his hideout only in the evening.

Life expectancy

In natural conditions, the bullhead can live about 10 years, especially because it is not a great demand among anglers. The only danger for her is her natural enemies, the predatory fish such as walleye, Northern pike, perch, etc., which for some reason just love this little fish.

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