A list of freshwater fish
Display a list of the most common freshwater (river) fish. Names with a photo and description for each river fish: its appearance, the taste of fish, habitats, fishing methods, and the method of spawning.
- 1 perch
- 2 Bursch
- 3 Perch
- 4 Ruff
- 5 Chop
- 6 Pike
- 7 Roach
- 8 Bream
- 9 Bream
- 10 Carp
- 11 Carp
- 12 Karas
- 13 Lin
- 14 Chub
- 15 IDE
- 16 ASP
- 17 Chehon
- 18 Rudd
- 19 Podust
- 20 Bleak
- 21 Bystryanka
- 22 Gudgeon
- 23 carp
- 24 Carp
- 25 Kgs
- 26 Channel catfish
- 27 Acne
- 28 Snakehead
- 29 Burbot
- 30 V
- 31 Char
- 32 Lamprey Hungarian
- 33 Lamprey Ukrainian
- 34 Sturgeon
- 35 Salmon of the Danube
- 36 Trout
- 37 Umbra
- 38 European Grayling
- 39 Carp
- 40 River fish without bones
- 41 Quality river fish
Perch, like bass, prefer only clean water rich in oxygen and promotes normal functioning of the fish. It’s a clean fish without any components. Growth of walleye can be up to 35 cm maximum weight can reach up to 20 kg. Meat walleye, light, no excess fat and very tasty, and enjoyable. It is quite a lot of minerals such as phosphorus, chlorine, chlorine, sulfur, potassium, fluorine, cobalt, iodine, and vitamin R. judging by the composition, the meat of the perch is very useful.
Bersh, like walleye, is considered to be a relative of the perch. Can grow in length to 45 cm, and weighs 1.4 kg. It is found in rivers, which flow into the Black and the Caspian sea. Its diet includes small fish, like minnows. The meat is almost same as that of the perch, though a little softer.
Bass prefer water bodies with clean water. This can be rivers, ponds, lakes, reservoirs, etc. Perch is the most common predator, but it will never find where the water is muddy and dirty. For perch use a fairly thin gear. Its fishing very interesting and entertaining.
Ruff has a peculiar appearance with very spiky fins that protect it from predators. Ruff loves clean water, but depending on the environment can change its color. Grows to a maximum length of 18 cm and gaining weight to 400 grams. His length and weight are directly dependent on forage in the pond. Its habitat extends to almost all European countries. It is found in rivers, lakes, ponds and even seas. Spawning is carried out for 2 days and more. Ruff always prefers to be at depth, because it does not like sunlight.
This fish of the perch family, but few people know, as it is not usual in this area. Different elongated spindle-shaped body and a head with a prominent snout forward. The fish are not large, no more than one foot long. Found mainly in the Danube river and adjacent tributaries. Its diet includes a variety of worms, molluscs and small fish. Spawning fish chop in April, the eggs bright yellow hue.
It is a freshwater fish that is found in almost all water bodies of the globe, but only in those in which there is clean, oxygen-Laden water. By reducing the concentration of oxygen in the water, pike is killed. The pike grows in length up to five feet, weighing in at 3.5 kg. the Body and the head of the pike is characterized by elongated shape. No wonder it is called a submarine torpedo. Spawning of pike takes place when heating the water from 3 to 6 degrees. It is a predatory fish and feeds on other fish species such as roach, etc. pikes Meat is considered a dietary product, because it contains very little fat. Besides, the meat of a pike is quite a lot of protein that is easily digested by the human body. Pike can live up to 25 years. Its meat can stew, fry, boil, bake, stuff, etc.
This fish lives in ponds, lakes, rivers, reservoirs. Its color is largely determined by the composition of the water in the pond. In appearance very similar to the Rudd. In the diet of roach includes various algae, larvae of various insects, and fish fry.
With the arrival of winter, roach goes for the wintering holes. It spawns later on the pike, somewhere near the end of spring. Before the spawn is covered with big pimples. The caviar of this fish is quite small, translucent, with a green tint.
Bream is the subtle fish, but its meat has excellent flavor characteristics. It can be found where there is still water or weak currents. Live bream is not more than 20 years, but grows very slowly. For example, a 10-year instance can gain weight not more than 3 or 4 pounds.
Bream has a dark silver shade. The average life expectancy is from 7 to 8 years. During this period it grows to a length of 41 cm and has an average weight of about 800 g. Spawning bream in the spring.
It is a sedentary species of fish with a bluish-gray color. Live bream about 15 years and grows in length up to 35 cm, with a weight of 1.2 kg Bream, as bream grow slowly. Prefer still water or slow current. In spring and autumn bream collected in numerous flocks (thick pack), hence it got its name. Silver bream feeds on small insects and their larvae, and mollusks. Spawning occurs at the end of spring or beginning of summer when the water temperature will rise to the level of 15 ° C-+17 ° C. Lasts the spawning period from 1 to 1.5 months. The meat of white bream is not considered to be delicious, especially because there are a lot of bones.
This fish is characterized by its dark yellow-Golden hue. Can live up to 30 years, but in 7-8 years, its growth stops. During this time carp time to grow up to 1 meter in length and weight gain of 3 kg. common Carp is considered a freshwater fish, but it is found in the Caspian sea. Its diet consists of young shoots of reeds, and the eggs spawned fish. With the advent of autumn, his diet is expanding and begin to enter various insects and invertebrates.
This fish belongs to the carp family and is able to live for a hundred years. Can eat it raw potato, breadcrumbs or cake. A distinctive feature of the carp is the presence of whiskers. Carp is a voracious and insatiable fish. Inhabits the carp in rivers, ponds, lakes, and reservoirs where there is mud bottom. Karp likes to skip malleable ooze through your mouth, looking for various bugs and worms.
Carp only spawn when the water begins to warm up to a temperature of +18ºC-+20 º C Can gain weight up to 9 kg. In China is food fish, and in Japan, decorative food.
Very strong fish. Its fishing being done by many experienced anglers, using a powerful and reliable gear.
Carp is the most common fish. It is found in almost all water bodies regardless of water quality and the concentration of oxygen in it. Carp can live in waters where other fish will immediately die. He refers to the family Cyprinidae, and in appearance is similar to the carp but doesn’t have a mustache. In the winter, if the water is getting very little oxygen, carp becomes dormant and is in this state until the spring. Spawn carp at a temperature of about 14 degrees.
Lin prefers waters with dense vegetation and covered with thick duckweed. Tench can be caught with the month of August, before real cold weather. Tench meat is of fine flavor characteristics. No wonder Lin is called the king of fish. Except that Lin can fry, bake, braise, it produces an incredible ear.
Chub is considered a freshwater fish and is found exclusively in fast flowing rivers. Is representative of the carp family. Grows to 80 cm in length and can weigh in with up to 8 kg. is Considered bold fish as its diet is fish larvae, various insects, small frogs. Prefers to be under the hanging over the water, trees and plants, because they very often falls into the water in various animals. Spawns at temperatures between +12 ° C to +17 ° C.
Its habitat includes almost all the rivers and ponds of European countries. Prefers to stay in the depths, in the presence of slow flow. Winter exhibits the same activity as in the summer as dormant does not run. Considered to be quite hardy fish. Can vary in length from 35 to 63 cm, with a weight from 2 to 2.8 kg.
Can live up to 20 years. Diet is both plant and animal food. IDE spawning occurs in the spring, at water temperatures from 2 to 13 degrees.
As a representative of the carp family of fish and has a dark bluish-gray color. Grows to a length of 120 cm and can reach a weight of 12 kg. is Found in Black and Caspian sea. Selects sites with fast currents and avoid stagnant water.
Found saber fish with silver, gray and yellow coloring. Can gain weight up to 2 kg, with a length up to 60 cm can live about 9 years.
Sabrefish is growing very fast and gaining weight. Found in the rivers, lakes, reservoirs and seas such as the Baltic sea. At a young age feeds on zoo – and phytoplankton, and with the arrival of autumn goes to food insects.
The Rudd and roach are easily confused, but Rudd has a more attractive appearance. For 19 years of life is able to gain weight 2.4 kg, length 51 cm, Found mostly in rivers, which flow into the Caspian, Azov, Black and Aral sea.
The basis of the diet fish is the food of plant and animal origin, but most of all likes to eat the eggs of molluscs. Quite a useful fish with a set of minerals such as phosphorus, chromium, and vitamin P, proteins and fats.
The Podust long body and it selects areas with a rapid current. Grows in length up to 40 cm and has the weight to 1.6 kg. Podust Lives about 10 years. It feeds from the bottom, collecting microscopic algae. This fish is common throughout Europe. Spawns at water temperatures of 6-8 degrees.
Bleak is a ubiquitous fish, known to almost any man who once went fishing with a fishing rod on the pond. Bleak belongs to the family Cyprinidae fish species. Can grow to small size in length (12-15 cm) and weighs about 100 grams. Found in the rivers flowing into the Black, Baltic and Azov seas, as well as in large reservoirs with clean, stagnant water.
This fish is the same as bleak, but a little smaller size and weight. With a length of 10 cm, it can weigh only 2 grams. Able to accommodate up to 6 years. Feeds on algae and zooplankton, thus, grows very slowly.
Also belong to the family Cyprinidae fish species, and it has a fusiform body shape. Grows to a length of 15-22 cm is Conducted in bodies of water where there is current and has clean water. The minnow feeds on insect larvae and small invertebrates. It spawns in spring, like most fish.
This fish species also belongs to the family Cyprinidae. Feeds almost food of plant origin. Can grow in length up to 1 m 20 cm and weigh with up to 32 kg. has a high rate of growth. Distributed carp throughout the world.
The diet of carp consists of microscopic particles of plant origin. Is a major representative of the family Cyprinidae. Is a thermophilic fish. Carp has teeth that can grind up vegetation. It is easy to acclimation. Carp are grown artificially.
Due to the fact that it is growing rapidly, it is of interest to industrial breeding. Can dial for a short time up to 8 kg of weight. It is mostly distributed in Middle Asia and China. It spawns in the spring, loves the water area where there is heavy flow.
This is a very large representative of the freshwater bodies, are able to grow in length up to 3 meters and weigh with up to 400 kg. Catfish has a brown tinge, but has no scales. It inhabits almost all water bodies of Europe and Russia, where there are appropriate conditions: clean water, presence of aquatic vegetation and suitable depth.
This is a small representative of the family of catfish that prefers small water bodies (channels) of warm water. In our time, was imported from America where it there is quite a lot and fishing engaged in by most fishermen.
Its spawning takes place in conditions, when the water temperature reaches +28 º C. Therefore, it can be found only in the southern regions.
It is a fish of the family rajkovich acne and prefers freshwater. It is a predator, similar to a snake, which is found in the Baltic, Black, Azov and Barents seas. Prefers to be in areas with clay bottom. Diet its food consists of small animals, crayfish, worms, larvae, snails, etc. are Able to grow to a length of 47 cm and a weight gain of 8 kg.
This heat-loving fish, which is found in reservoirs located in major climate zones. Its appearance resembles that of a snake. Very strong fish, which is not so easy to catch.
He is a representative of trnkobrani and appearance similar to soma, but to the size of the catfish he’s coming. This cold-water fish, which leads an active lifestyle in the winter. Its spawning also occurs in the winter months. Hunts mostly at night, thus leads a benthic lifestyle. Burbot has been classified as industrial fish species.
It is a small fish with a long body, covered with very small scales. It is easy to confuse with eel or a snake, if I never had to see him. Grows to a length of 30 cm, and even more if you contribute to the growth conditions. Found in small streams or ponds where there is mud bottom. Prefers to be closer to the bottom, and on the surface it can be seen during rain or thunderstorms.
Char belong to the Salmonidae family of fish species. Due to the fact that the fish has no scales it got its name. Grows to small size. His meat under the action of low temperatures is not reduced in volume. Characterized by the presence of fatty acids such as omega-3, is able to resist inflammatory processes.
This fish species is considered endangered and listed in the Red book of Ukraine. Considered as the intermediate between the parasitic and deparasitize the lamprey. Lives in the rivers and does not make long migrations. It can be found in the rivers of Transcarpathia. Prefers deep areas with a clay bottom.
Inhabits rivers and feeds on different species of fish. Widespread in the rivers of Ukraine. Prefers deep water. Can grow in length up to 25 cm Propagated by eggs, when the water temperature is in the range of +8 ° C. After spawning may not live more than 2+years.
The lifespan of this fish is considered to be about 27 years old. Grows to a length of 1 m 25 cm, gaining weight up to 16 kg. It features a dark taupe color. In the winter almost does not eat and goes into depth. Has valuable commercial importance.
Salmon of the Danube
This fish lives only in the basin of the Danube arms and nowhere else is not common. Belongs to the family of salmonids and is a unique representative of the fish fauna of the Ukraine. The Danube salmon is included in the Red book of Ukraine and to catch him banned. Can live up to 20 years, eats mostly small fish.
Also belong to the Salmonidae family and prefers rivers with rapid flow and cold water. Grows in length from 25 to 55 cm, while gaining weight from 0.2 to 2 kg. In the diet of trout consists of small crustaceans and insect larvae.
Is a member of the family avdashkevich, reaching a size of about 10 cm, while gaining weight 300 grams. It occurs in the basins of the rivers Danube and Dniester. At the first sign of danger burrows in the mud. Spawning takes place in March or April. Loves to feed on fry and small invertebrates.
This fish is fished in industrial scale for Adware, the Urals. Spawns at temperatures not exceeding +10OC. It is a predatory fish species, which polyublyaet river with a rapid current.
It is a freshwater species of fish that belongs to the family Cyprinidae. Grows to 60 cm in length and grows up to 5 kg weight. The fish has a dark color, and is common in the Caspian, Black and Azov seas.
River fish without bones
Almost no bone:
- In marine language.
- In fish, sturgeon family belonging to the order of the chordates.
Quality river fish
Despite the fact that water has a certain density, the fish body is adapted for movement in such conditions. And it concerns not only the river but also sea fish.
As a rule, its body is elongated like a torpedo-shaped body. In extreme cases, her body is a spindle shape that promotes free movement in the water. Such fish include salmon, Podust, Chub, ASP, sabrefish, herring, etc. In still water for the most fish have a flat flattened on two sides, the body. Such fish include carp, bream, Rudd, roach, etc.
Among the many types of river fish are peaceful fish, and these predators. They are distinguished by the presence of sharp teeth and a wide mouth that allows you to easily swallow fish and other animals. Such fish include Northern pike, burbot, catfish, pike-perch, perch and others. This predator, like a pike during the attack is able to develop high initial velocity. In other words, it literally instantly swallows its prey. Such predators as bass, always hunt in packs. Pike leads a benthic lifestyle and begins to hunt only at night. This shows its uniqueness, but rather on his unique vision. He is able to see its prey in absolute darkness.
But there are small predators, which do not differ large size of the mouth. Although, the predator, the Chub has a huge mouth, such as catfish, for example, and all he does is eat fish fry.
Many fish, depending on environmental conditions, can have a different hue. In addition, different reservoirs can be of different forage base that can significantly affect the size of the fish.