The production of mussels and oysters in Russia has increased since the introduction of the food counter-sanctions over 17 times, up to 1.7 tons, to be prepared by the Agency at the request of RBC data.
Until 2014, mussels and oysters supplied to Russia from abroad, mostly from the European Union. But in August 2014, these products were in the list of prohibited import goods from the EU, USA, Canada and some other countries that have imposed sanctions against Russia. In Russia until 2014 there was no mass commercial production of oysters and mussels in a volume of approximately 100 tons was made only in Primorsky Krai.
Subsequently, oyster farms appeared in the Krasnodar region: in 2014, there were produced, according to the Agency, only 2 t of oysters. In the same year, in the Krasnodar region began to grow, and mussels — all for a year was grown 9 t
In 2015, the production of oysters has increased 15 times compared to the previous year, up to 30 tons of mussels — almost four times, up to 345 so the Geography of production expanded: in 2015 mussel farm appeared not only in the Krasnodar and Primorsky regions, but in Sevastopol, the Crimea and Karelia.
A year later, in Sevastopol and the Crimea, and also in Primorye appeared and oyster farms: total production of this delicacy has increased seven times, from 30 to 216 tons At the end of 2017 in the Russian economy had already grown 531 t of oysters and nearly 1.2 thousand tons of mussels. Thus, over the three full years since the introduction of counter-sanctions production of mussels increased by 12.4 times, and the oysters — 265 times.
The Agency has specified that we are talking only about mariculture, shellfish breeding in artificial conditions.
The new law and low base
Food embargo is not the only cause of prosperity of Russian production of seafood, said the Agency. The representative of the Federal Agency recalled that after the adoption of the so-called law on aquaculture since 2015 began large-scale distribution of a new fish farm sites. In addition, improvements were made to the regulatory framework in the field of fish farming, and responsible for the development of aquaculture businesses have started to provide subsidies. These measures, together with the increase in demand on the Russian seafood has pushed investors to implement projects for grown shellfish, said the Agency.
The sharp increase in production is associated primarily with the low base effect, said Alexander Fomin, the Vice-President of the Association of industrial and commercial enterprises fish market (fish Association). In 2017, Russia is imported, according to the Federal customs service, almost 283 t of oysters (fresh, chilled and frozen), which is 29% higher than a year earlier, and 1.1 thousand tons of mussels (+4%). Oysters are imported to Russia mainly from Tunisia, New Zealand, South Korea, Morocco and Japan, mussels — from New Zealand, China, Chile and Tunisia.
The most actively increasing the production of aquafarm in the Crimea, admitted the Agency. According to the Ministry, the Peninsula has become the largest manufacturer of sea delicacies: at the end of last year in the Crimea was grown every second Russian media and two-thirds of all oysters.
In 2017, the Crimean farm produced 39 tonnes of marketable oysters, 319 MT of oysters that have not reached marketable weight (40 g), and 604 t of mussels, said RBC head of the fisheries Department of the Ministry of agriculture of the Republic of Crimea Andrey Dedyukhin. Now, according to him, on the Peninsula the cultivation of mussels and oysters do 11 farms (on the Ministry’s website has information about only eight companies).
The main volume of commercial oysters and mussels produce the company included in the group of “Crimean seafood,” whose farm is located on lake Donuzlav, Dedyukhin said. In 2017, the group, as told RBC its former Executive Director Vladimir Mazanov, produced 60 tons of mussels and about 700 thousand pieces of oysters, and this is going considerably up to 2 million pieces of oysters to increase production due to the previously introduced spatu (juvenile mussels and oysters). Planting material for the oyster company are imported from nurseries in France, because its in Russia. Power mussel farm at the Donuzlav to the end of the year will increase to 500-700 tonnes of mussels, according to Mazanova. Financial performance the company did not disclose.
In the first half of 2018 in the Crimea has grown 11 tonnes of marketable oysters, 4 t has not reached the marketable weight of oysters and 213 thousand tons of mussels, Dedyukhin said. Camp of the main harvest of shellfish will fall, but in the Republican Ministry of agriculture are counting on the growth of 5-10% compared to the same period last year.
While oysters and mussels remain a delicacy product and the main channel of sales — HoReCa (hotels, restaurants and cafes) and retail chains of middle and high price segment, said managing partner Agency of the Agro and Food Communications Ilya bereznyuk. In his opinion, the volume of industrial production of shellfish can be increased ten times, but it is necessary to solve the problem with the culture of consumption. “The Russian consumer, for example, still sees shellfish as an ingredient for salads, and the peak of sales falls on pre-holiday period,” he complained before his time runs out.
Applications for the formation of the borders of new aquaculture areas for growing oysters and mussels come quite often, Dedyukhin said. All, according to him, in 2015 in the Crimea was formed 32 new fish production site, and 12 of them have already held tenders and signed contracts. Products of the Crimean aquafarm demand from the local population, therefore at least half of the produced mussels and oysters remained in the Crimea, and the remainder going mostly to Moscow and St. Petersburg, added Dedyukhin. The growth of the Russian consumption of mussels and oysters was confirmed by the restaurateur Arkady Novikov, the owner of Novikov Group (network Burger #Farsh, the Bolshoi restaurant, coffee shop and Krispy Kreme, astromarkt “Around the world”). “I don’t eat oysters at all, but guests if the price is good, they go with a Bang,” admitted Novikov. Disadvantage of Russian seafood restaurateur named a price: according to him, they are sometimes more expensive than imported. Owned by the Novikov Group restaurant, “a short East” one oyster from Tunisia is, as stated on the website of the casino, 350 RUB.
On average, running the farm with specialized equipment for growing mussels with a capacity of up to 250 tonnes of commercial products can cost the investor about 10-15 million rubles. In General, the capital cost of a complex of three farms with a total output of up to 750 t will be about 40 million rubles, according to Berezniki. According to him, the first harvest can be obtained through 2.5–3 years.
Famous oyster investors
In may 2016 the company “southern citadel” got the plots for the cultivation of oysters and mussels near Gelendzhik. The plots are located along the coastline from the village of Divnomorskoe to Cape Idokopas, where is located the tourist complex known as “Putin’s Palace” (building area of 17,7 thousand sq m on a land plot of 67.8 ha), despite the fact that the Kremlin has repeatedly denied the relationship of the President with him. In March 2011, the owner called himself a businessman Alexander Ponomarenko (takes 34th place in the latest ranking of Forbes magazine’s “200 richest businessmen of Russia” with a fortune of $3.4 billion): he told “Kommersant” that bought the object under construction cost of $350 million from Nicholas Shamalova.
The sole owner of the “southern citadel” by may 2016 — CEO Oleksiy Vasylyuk. In November 2017, LLC “southern citadel”, according to the register, ceased to exist as it was transformed into JSC “southern citadel”. According to EGRUL March 2017, the owner of the company was already Alexander Ponomarenko. The shareholders of JSC “southern citadel” in registering.
The production of mussels in the Krasnodar region is also the company associated with the family of ex-Minister of agriculture Alexander Tkachev. In 2016 “Agrokompleks them. N. And. Tkachev,” initiated the formation of fish-breeding area in the Blue Bay, Tuapse district, where the agricultural company had planned to develop the production of mussels and oysters.
According to the materials: rbc.ru