Lenka (Brachymystax) is a genus of freshwater ray-finned fish of the salmon family (Salmonidae). Originally the genus contained a single species Brachymystax lenok with two distinct forms – moor and topology. Later forms were isolated in a separate species: moor (Brachymystax lenok), topology (Brachymystax savinovi) and Brachymystax tumensis.
It inhabits Siberian rivers from Ob to Kolyma, is on the far East, the Amur river and all the rivers falling into the Okhotsk and the sea of Japan. In the South the habitat she comes to Korea. Prefers fast, cold rivers, mainly their upper reaches. Kept in small flocks, large individuals are solitary lifestyle.
Puberty Goldilocks reaches the fifth to eighth year of life at a length of 38 cm and a weight of 600-800 g. Females usually Mature a year later than males. Spawning occurs in may-June at depths of 0.5-1.5 m. the diameter of the eggs 4-4,5 mm, weight 50-60 mg.
Goldilocks the shape of the body resembles more than any other salmon whitefish. Body brushvale, elongated, small mouth with small sharp teeth, the scales small, dense. Body coloration depends on habitat conditions. Usually it is dark brown with lots of dark rounded spots, and with a Golden tinge on the back and sides, bright in the abdominal part. In the spawning season the sides are red spots, top, adipose and tail fins are covered with spots. Lenok that live in the shallows, features a silver color with dark gray back, fins with a yellowish tint. Grows relatively slowly and rarely reaches 8 kg. the average body mass of 2-3 kg for the twelfth year of life. Life expectancy she usually does not exceed 15 years.
As taimen, lenok – voracious predator. Juveniles Lenka at an early age feeds on zooplankton, the growth goes on benthic organisms, including insect larvae (stoneflies, mayflies, caddis flies, dragonflies), algae, amphipods, small mollusks, earthworms, eggs and juveniles of other fish (minnow, gudgeon, Dace, sculpin, perch and grayling). Large Lena sometimes swallow mice, shrews, frogs. Goldilocks eats at any time of day, especially morning and evening.
Tips for fishing LENCA
1. Lenka can be found at such sites the river where there are a variety of shelters from rocks, branches, sunken trees. Especially productive fishing can be in the rubble. They usually are formed around bends and spits, where the shore and stranded stop carrying a mountain stream trees. A higher concentration of the predator can be detected in ducts with holes and bed recesses. Promising are the ins and outs of rifts and boundaries of currents. Lenka and graze along the water’s edge among rocks and snags even on the rocks; and if along the shore is deepening, it is very often hold the largest individuals.
2. The most popular method of catching Lena in open water in rivers and lakes is spinning, the fish catch also fly fishing and ground tackle.
3. If fishing spinning reel she used the “twist” is put in front of the lure a long leash from fluorocarbon. Then the snap-in will not be visible to careful Lenka; in addition, fluorocarbon less susceptible to abrasion on the rocks.
4. Among spinning lures when fishing LENCA well proven oscillating and rotating spinner. For river fishing requires heavy “spoons” (20-30 g) or bait type “kastmaster”. Shallow water and in calm water you can use spinners with petals 5-6 rooms. The color of the lures depends on the forage in a particular reservoir, as well as weather conditions.
5. Than pasmurnoe weather, the brighter must be the spinner, for example, polished gold-tone. In Sunny weather, the fish readily takes lures with a matte bluish-silver color.
6. The optimal size of a Wobbler for catching Lenka is from 70 to 90 mm., These baits can be cast to the desired distance. On the course they behave more stable than shorter ones. In addition, they are well marked Lenka and cut off the smaller fish.
7. When fishing she must strive to hold the bait unevenly, changing the speed of the transaction and making, when possible, pause. This applies to lures of all types.
8. Goldilocks eats the clock, but it has peaks of activity, and the night is one of them. In-the-dark rodents and other small animals cross the river from shore to shore, here and watching their predatory fish. At night there are usually larger specimens.
9. Special spinning bait for Lenka – artificial mouse. It works especially well in late summer and autumn, in the twilight and at night. Main wiring – simulation of the behaviour swam across the river small mammal. Usually the casting is carried out slightly upstream and hold the bait yourself with a little demolition. You need to follow the approximate swimming speed of these mice, and to ensure that when you post the “mouse” is left behind on the surface of the whisker. Night fishing LENCA along with the “mouse” is used crankbaits and crawlers.
10. If next to Lenkom home to trout, you’ll need to have a large margin of safety to withstand the bite of the larger fish. In addition, when fishing Lenka grabbing rocks and other obstacles – the usual case, the tackle in any case is experiencing heavy loads.
11. Goldilocks is a very strong and active fish. When playing it can powerful jerk to break the tackle, to give her slack. So you need to keep the line vnatyag, leading the fish to the shore. Avoid grass or snags near the shore: Goldilocks will try to throw at them to confuse the line.
12. For catching Lenka surface use fly tackle or “boat”. In fly fishing using artificial flies and when fishing “boat” and take a natural insect.
13. When fishing on the Donk usually use worm. Goldilocks eagerly grabs lying at the bottom of the bait and swallowed the hook deeply.
14. When ice fishing LENCA trolling or balancer used this technique, as the movement of the lure near the bottom. It is lowered to the bottom and with rods to attach a movement to have it formed a haze beneath the hole. Goldilocks often pre-production presses to the bottom, and then grabs her mouth.
15. For fishing winter fishing rod used as artificial lures (flies), and natural bait. Winter flax responds well to worm, larva burdock moth, caddis, beetle, gammarus and other baits. To attract the attention of fish to the nozzle, an experienced Morrisette tied to the hook wool yarn yellow, brown or red.