Is there a future for the Tsimlyansk reservoir?
Earth, like the human body is permeated with millions of blood vessels. Major arteries and veins – the oceans, seas and rivers permeate our planet. Blood of the Earth is water, and the blood vessels are rivers, rivulets, streams and lakes, “the Driver of nature” – the so-called water of the great Leonardo da Vinci.
Important sources of fresh water are the rivers, the importance of which in human development is difficult to assess. River valleys give variety to the face of the earth. They traverse the continents in all directions, it is barely noticeable among the vast plains, the gaping among the mountains, the deepest gorges. River probably exist since ancient times, as the first drops of rain fell on the hardened land.
Rivers carry their waters into the sea the World ocean or in closed water bodies, such as the Caspian or Aral sea, filling their water loss to evaporation. The process of river flow is different. For example, on the rivers of the European part of Russia 60-70 % of the river runoff takes place in a relatively short period of spring flood. In the rest of the year, especially during summer and winter low-water period, the runoff is much less. But in these months the human need for water in industry is particularly large. Therefore, to ensure economy of water create an artificial flow regulation by reservoirs, storing water in the period when it in the river a lot, and giving the water through the crossing facilities at low water, when her little.
One of many such buildings became the Tsimlyanskoe reservoir is a huge artificial sea with an area of 2700 sq. km., was founded in 1952 and has radically changed the natural-economic system of the region. The reservoir erodes the shore and blooms heavily in late summer. Productive but its biggest feature is the high productivity of fish stocks. This reservoir flooded meadows and some historical villages associated with the names of Razin, Pugachev.
Tsimlyansky dam includes a hydroelectric power plant, a dam length of more than 13 km, two shipping gateway, port, lesobaza and the head construction of the don main irrigation canal supplying water to the lands of the Rostov region. From the Tsimlyansk reservoir the water is fed into the Volga-don canal by three pumping stations. The first station raises the water in Karpovka reservoir, the second of Karpovsky is in Bereslavskaya, third – Bereslavskaya – Varvarovsky. From this reservoir the water is spent on the floodgates and irrigation of the Volgograd region. The performance of each station 162 cubic hour.
Due to the fact that the reservoir has different width and depth, it is divided into four ples: Dam – from the dam to station Krivskoe in the Rostov region. Its length is 44 km and a width of 42 km, depth – 11 meters, the largest is 35 m. the area is a lacustrine regime, its length is small, the flow rate of the 0.1 – 0.2 m / sec.
Potemkin – from the station Krivskoe station Suvorov in the Volgograd region. The length of the reach, which is 68 km, average width of 8.5 km, a maximum of 22 km and Average depth is 9 m, maximum – 15-20 m. Flow rates are 0.2 – 0.3 m / sec.
Chyrs’ke – from the station Suvorovskaya station Spoons. This reach is characterized by a big cut coast. Average depth -10 m, width – 22 km.
Top – from the station of the Spoon and above. This is the longest ples from 60 to 100 km. mode-like a river. Here’s a changeable depth (approx. 10 m) and area. The flow velocity is 0.5 m / sec.
Currently, it is difficult to imagine the development and prosperity of many towns and villages in the Volgograd and Rostov regions without the use of waters of the Tsimlyansk reservoir. Drinking water to approximately 3 million people, water to irrigate about 180,000 hectares of land, transport path 7 000 ships and a habitat for many species of fish – this is not a complete list of values of the reservoir. And also, in addition to economic activities, scenic shore of the Tsimlyansk sea could become one of the largest recreational areas of the southern region.
The reservoir has dimensions sea. Its length to 260 km and a width of 30-35 km and Is one of the largest artificial reservoirs of Russia, the volume is 24 billion cubic meters. The reservoir was created in connection with the construction of the Tsimlyanskaya Hydroelectric power station, but now it’s functional purpose is much broader. Tsimlyanskoe reservoir created water supplies for irrigation and watering of adjacent dryland areas. Here Generalskaya the existing irrigation system supplies water to the land of several farms.
Tsimlyanskoe reservoir has made changes not only in the economic life of the surrounding areas, it has had an impact on natural conditions. On its coastal zone has formed a local climate with more prolonged cool spring and a warm and long autumn, decreased diurnal amplitude of temperature, increased humidity, more frequent brusovye winds.
In artificial sea observed the destruction of the shores by the action of waves and surge phenomena. As a result of destruction of the coast in the reservoir enters a large amount of load. Currently, the process of changing banks to a halt, due to the fact that there are shallows in which is extinguished by the destructive power of the waves.
Asking yourself the question: “is There a future for the Tsimlyansk reservoir?”, I would like to still think that there is a future, provided that this is necessary to eliminate the danger of environmental catastrophe, to eliminate consequences of which will need a huge cost and a long period of time. We cannot allow the loss of a unique water facility, Tsimlyanskoe reservoir, as this will lead to equally serious consequences, degradation of agriculture to climate change in the region.
According to the materials: rostov-fishcom.ru