Herring is one of the varieties of the herring and is not large in size. It caught commercially in the waters of the Baltic sea, including in waters of countries such as Norway and Finland. Herring is also called the Baltic herring.
Despite the large size of this fish, you can cook a lot of delicious dishes. Herring meat is so tender that it just melts in your mouth. Usually, Baltic herring and sprats cooked tomato canned, although these dishes methods of cooking herring are not limited.
- 1 what features of the Baltic herring?
- 2 How to choose a herring?
- 3 Useful properties
- 4 Recipes for herring
- 4.1 Recipe sprats herring
- 4.2 Baltic Herring in marinade
- 4.3 Herring spicy salted
- 4.4 Baked Baltic herring with smoked cheese
- 4.5 Unusual dish – false hare
What features of the Baltic herring?
It is impossible to find a person, especially a housewife, who wouldn’t cook herring any dishes. As a rule, at home herring fry in the pan. As for cooking the Baltic herring in the industrial environment, then it is more prepared canned in tomato sauce or in oil. There are 2 types of this fish: the autumn herring and spring, depending on the spawning period. Very popular autumn Baltic herring, as it has a few great sizes, which means it has more meat.
Baltic herring grows maximally centimeters to seventeen, although there are individuals in length to 30 cm despite their size, Baltic herring in appearance resembles the larger herring, as evidenced by its taste.
This fish is caught year-round, so it’s no problem to buy in any fishing section of the store regardless of the season. Moreover, herring is sold as fresh and frozen. In many regions of the Baltic herring more use in canned, smoked or salted. For residents of Finland, Baltic herring baked in cream, seasoned with fresh herbs, is considered a national dish.
How to choose a herring?
Regardless, herring or other fish, the product choose by the following features: eyes should not be cloudy, the gills should be different bright red or Burgundy hue, and the fish fillets, pressing on her fingers, should take the original form (should be firm). The smell of herring should not have odors, but only fishy smell. In addition, carcasses of fish should be marketable, i.e. must be integers. If the fish is not marketable, it is likely that it repeatedly thawed and frozen. Preference should be given to the factory, not the store packaging.
In the shops quite often found spicy or salted herring, in this case, quite often, the product is marketable. Fish are often fragmented, with revealed bellies. It is not excluded that it has already been salted in the same form as the goods which were not timely implemented. After eating such a product people risking their health.
Herring, like most seafood has a high caloric content, like 100 grams of product contains only 125 calories. Despite this, herring meat is very useful as it contains many useful to human life components.
- Vitamin C, which supports the normal functioning of the immune system.
- Vitamins of group “b” and “A” and “E”.
- Iodine, which is essential for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland.
- In addition, the meat herring contains components such as phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium, fluoride, copper and cobalt.
Many experts believe that the herring, which contains the whole spectrum of vitamins and minerals, the most useful dietary product. As a rule, all components of the seafood quite easily absorbed, so herring is acceptable to drink in any quantities without fear that you can gain weight or can cause problems with the digestive tract.
But that’s not all useful qualities of this great fish. In the meat of Baltic herring are fatty acid groups omega. With this component, it is possible to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood, which reduces the risk for the formation in the blood vessels of cholesterol plaques. The fact that the human body does not produce omega-3, but they are in the seafood. Herring is a product that can cope with such a serious problem.
Eating fatty acids of group omega, the human body gets full support for the normal functioning of the various systems.
- Normalization of the cardiovascular system. Reduces the risk of various heart diseases, including heart attack.
- Normalization of blood pressure.
- Improving the functioning of the Central nervous system.
- Reducing inflammation, improving vision.
- The conclusion from the body of various toxins and harmful substances.
Note! Herring should be present in the human diet, as its benefits are undeniable. Since there are a lot of recipes of its cooking, it is unlikely to get bored.
Herring is delicious, if you cook on the grill, but first it is desirable to marinate. Delicious and healthy this fish, if you grill it in the oven or cook for a couple. The main thing is not to overdo the fish, so it does not dry out. Long-term treatment can reduce levels of beneficial components. The prolonged thermal effect destroys part of nutrients, so it should be prepared no more than an hour.
Herring is a versatile ingredient for cooking all sorts of dishes. Baltic herring is suitable for the preparation of product smoked, salted, marinated, baked or fried in vegetable oil.
In combination with various spices, and also hot smoke, it is permissible to obtain the finished products which are of diverse tastes.
The lack of herring – a lot of bones, but there is a plus: bones can be easily separated from the flesh.
It should always be remembered that the quality of the finished product depends on the quality of the source. If the fish is fresh, you can count on the uniqueness of the taste. You should never save on your health.
Recipe sprats herring
We can safely say. Sprat is a gourmet product. Despite this, they can be easily made at home. As a rule, sprats are always present on the festive table, in the form of tapas or salad with sprats. Equally delicious are the sandwiches with sprats – they will not refuse any visitor.
Unfortunately, modern manufacturers of finished products pay little attention to the quality of manufacture of canned fish, saturating them with various chemicals. Therefore, many Housewives prefer seafood cooked on their own. Anybody even in a head will not come to add to the dish a different flavor enhancers, colorants and the preservatives. Sprats are prepared with the soul and with the expectation not to harm the health of their loved ones.
Therefore, the main advantage of homemade is confidence in the quality of the product, as it has no unnecessary ingredients.
To cook sprats from the Baltic herring in the home, you must have:
- About a pound of herring.
- One Cup of vegetable oil.
- One tablespoon of strong tea infuser.
- A couple of bulbs.
- Black pepper and allspice, 1 teaspoon.
- Salt and a Bay leaf – to taste.
It is interesting to know! To prepare this dish it is better to use cookware with a thick bottom. First in a pot or cauldron filled with vegetable oil and heated to a high temperature.
After that start cutting onions and brewing the tea, then the tea leaves should cool down a bit.
When vegetable oil is heated to the desired temperature, pour it to the fish and onions. Then this also translates welding, and added all the spices.
It only remains to close the food to be prepared with a lid and leave to languish on low heat.
Prepare the sprats for about 4 hours.
It is important to know! Long cooking will help to soften the bones of the fish. As a result, will not have during a meal to get rid of the bones. In the cooking process in any case can not dish to stir.
If the fish to stir and, however gently it was done, it is still the carcass of the fish will break and choke, because of what the dish will lose its marketable appearance. In the cooking process you need to follow the liquid level and, if necessary, add boiling water. When the meat starts to separate fairly easily from the bone, we can assume that the sprats are ready. Only turn off the fire and give the opportunity sprats cool.
Herring in marinade
This is a dish that can be eaten at least every day. Especially, it complements boiled potatoes or ragout of fresh vegetables.
For cooking you need to stock up on:
- Fresh herring, up to 1.5 kg.
- Sunflower oil, to 1 Cup.
- Three carrots.
- Three large bulbs.
- 200 g of tomato paste or grated tomatoes.
- 0.5 cups of flour.
- Salt and spices to taste.
An important stage! Each fish is placed in a mixture of flour and salt, and then she gives them a frying pan and fry in vegetable oil.
Separately clean onions and carrots, crushed and also fried in vegetable oil until Golden brown. Then they added tomato paste or tomatoes. All together, preparing for another 5 minutes.
The next stage is taken deep bowl (or another pot) and the bottom is spread a layer of roasted vegetables and top with a layer of fried herring. The dish is laid out with layers until then, until the end product.
It remains only to put the dish in the refrigerator (overnight). During this time, fish saturated vegetable marinade.
Herring spicy salted
Fish prepared in this way, different spicy taste, especially because the taste barriers is permissible to adjust the composition of the marinade. Goes well with boiled potatoes and a slice of black bread.
Availability of ingredients:
- 700 g fresh fish.
- About 7 liters of water.
- One tablespoon of coriander.
- Bay leaf – 4 pieces.
- A couple of clove buds.
- About 1.5 tablespoons of salt.
- One tablespoon of mixed spices.
- One tablespoon of sugar.
- One tablespoon of vinegar.
- Additional spices, spices or herbs – to taste.
Responsible stage! First and foremost is preparing the marinade. For this we take the corresponding capacity, poured into it water and add all spices. When the water boils, add salt and sugar. The marinade is cooked for 10 minutes.
After this time, the marinade needs to cool down. Prepared Baltic herring is laid out in a suitable container and poured the cooled marinade. Fish rests on top plate and is pressed with the cargo. In this state, the fish should be in a cool place for 1 day.
Baked herring with smoked cheese
As mentioned above, herring can be prepared a lot of food, and quite tasty. In order to diversify your diet, you can cook herring, baked in the oven with solid or smoked cheese. Despite the fact that it is delicious, it is also useful. The dish goes well with a cold beer.
For cooking you will need:
- Herring fillet – 700 g.
- 3 follicles.
- 350 g of cheese, better solid.
- Seasonings and salt – to taste.
- A little sunflower oil.
It is interesting to know! The first step is to prepare a mixture of flour with salt, then in this mixture and roll the fish. Before cooking the flour better sifted, and fish to prepare.
Afterwards, take a baking sheet, grease it with vegetable oil, then he laid the pieces of fish had a mixture of flour and salt.
In the next step to clean the bow, crushed and laid out a layer on the fish. Cheese rubbed on a large grater, after which it is laid as a layer on top of onions. If the fish is left, then it spread on top of cheese and sprinkle with seasonings and pour lemon juice. Before sending the dish to the oven, it should already be preheated to 180 degrees. In the oven the fish is cooked about half an hour. In any case, it should appear Golden brown, then take out the fish from the oven and serve.
Unusual dish – false hare
Preparing the dish for this recipe, you can easily impress your guests. For cooking, you must have:
- About 1 kg herring fillet.
- About 50 grams of wheat crackers.
- To 150 g of white bread.
- To 60 g of butter.
- A little sunflower oil.
- A couple of bulbs of medium size.
- A couple of eggs.
- Pepper, salt, and spices to taste.
- Greens are also a good choice.
- Zest of one lemon.
Important point! First you need to take a Mincer with a fine grid, and through her miss fish. In minced meat add soaked fish (but not much) bread, eggs, chopped onion, salt, pepper, butter and lemon zest.
Mincemeat is made to a smooth consistency, and then from it to form an object similar to a baton. After that it should roll in flour and coat with vegetable oil.
In the next step, “baton” is placed on the tray, which sprinkle with breadcrumbs. The dish is baked in the oven at 180 degrees until tender (about 30 minutes). After cooking a dish to cool, and then decorated with greenery and served to the table.
This dish can be cooked in a slow cooker. This takes fake rabbit and placed in a bowl multivarki. Just press the option of “Baking”. Preparing fake rabbit in a slow cooker about 45 minutes.
Seafood dishes are distinguished by the fact that in them a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals, so necessary for the normal functioning of the human body. The main thing is to prepare to “not vanished,” useful components. When cooking seafood and herring in particular, it should be remembered that the most useful fish can be, if not subjected to heat treatment, especially, for a long time. In this regard, it can be concluded that raw she still has the greatest number of vitamins and minerals. In boiled or baked form, it remains still quite substances that have a positive effect on the human body. The least useful fish in fried form. Except that it is less useful, it may even be harmful, especially for those who suffer from problems of the digestive tract.