Red fish — types and names
Red fish — types and names
Red fish has long been considered a real delicacy, so it can be seen exclusively on the festive tables of our citizens. This definition applies to most of the population, although there is a category of people who can use it for food at least every day. Its name (common) fish was due to the excellent taste, but also due to the fact that the meat of this fish stands out for its red (pink) color.
This tradition has continued as the fish become increasingly rare and its becoming less possible to meet on the festive tables. Red fish is a whole family of valuable fish species whose meat is used by chefs all over the world for making enough delicious restaurant meals.
This article shows you what kinds of fish and why they are called red and as they are, in fact, called.
- 1 Types of red fish
- 2 Family of sturgeon
- 2.1 Description of fish and habitats
- 2.2 Characteristics of sturgeon
- 2.3 Artificial breeding
- 2.4 Types of sturgeons with pictures and names
- 3 the salmon Family
- 3.1 Description
- 3.2 Where are the salmon?
- 3.3 Method of reproduction
- 3.4 fish Species pictures and names
- 4 Use the red fish for health
The types of red fish
Experts distinguish between 3 main groups of red fish:
- White salmon or pink.
The first group includes species of fish, common in the Black, Azov and Caspian seas and inhabiting the river:
- Russian sturgeon, Siberian, Amur and the Danube.
- The sterlet.
The second group consists of fish that live in White, in the Baltic sea and in the Pacific. This group is referred:
- The sockeye salmon.
- The Chinook salmon.
- The Kunja.
- Rainbow or river trout, etc.
The color of the meat and caviar from these fish is similar to red or orange as her wedding outfit.
For the salmon species of fish with white meat are as follows:
- The white salmon.
- Coho salmon, etc.
According to many experts, this is an extremely wrong interpretation of the question, because salmon should not be counted among the red fish. Despite these differences, it makes sense to pay attention to some groups of fish, which is called red. Our ancestors called the fish “red” not only because she meat is red and because it’s especially delicious and beautiful.
The family of sturgeons
The representatives of this family appeared on our planet about 70 million years ago, so they can safely be considered old-timers in our land. These fish prefer fresh water and are the major representatives of this kind.
Description of fish and habitats
Fish of this family differ in the elongated shape of the body and presence at the back and on the head of the bone formations. Typically, these fish are near the bottom, feeding on various underwater representatives of the small sizes, so you can say that basically it is a fish of prey.
Interesting fact! Typically, these fish are considered fish-centenarians, while caviar mosque only once in 2-3 years. To spawn, birds come from the seas to rivers, where the rise upstream to their usual spawning grounds.
The value of this fish is its black caviar, which was considered, and moreover, is considered in our day an exquisite and expensive food that is not so easy to find on the market. In this regard, sturgeon are killed in large numbers by poachers. Therefore, in recent years the number of this fish are small and catch it banned.
Due to the fact that in nature, the sturgeon population is decreasing from year to year, sturgeon artificially bred in special nurseries. As a rule, bred of Russian and Siberian sturgeon, sterlet, Bester and Beluga. They are bred as in industrial purposes, and to increase the size in the natural environment, releasing fingerlings, which are also grown.
The sturgeon species with photos and names
The known fishes of this family include:
The family includes 20 species of fish inhabit, as the sea and fresh water, mainly lakes. It is known that up to 90% of all sturgeon is in the Caspian sea.
Some of the sturgeon species grow to impressive sizes. The Atlantic and white sturgeon are able to grow in length up to 6 meters, while gaining weight several tons. These giants inhabit the sea, but to spawn or to wait out the winter, move into the rivers.
Part of sturgeon prefers only fresh water and do not grow to giant size. These are not large fish as well holding closer to the bottom, feeding on small fish and molluscs. Sturgeon quite prolific and can throw up to several million eggs over the spawning period, so their weight before spawning increased to 20%, and even more.
It is important to know! Sturgeon are valued for high taste characteristics of meat and caviar. In this regard, the sturgeon were caught at a tremendous pace, what was the reason for entering various kinds in the Red book. Currently, fishing for sturgeon is prohibited.
Although sturgeon and refers to not a big representatives of this family, individuals reach the weight of 15 kilograms, no less. Sturgeon lives of about 30 years.
This fish eats mainly invertebrates, but if on her way to meet someone else’s eggs, she will not refuse. Spawning sturgeon in the upper reaches of the rivers at the end of the spring. With the advent of autumn it sinks to the bottom where there all winter, showing no activity. The fish are often bred artificially, as it is considered highly valuable and sought-after fish.
Mainly inhabits the Black, Azov and Caspian seas, although found also in the Adriatic and Aegean seas. It spawns in rivers. Life expectancy of about 30 years. Its diet includes small fish and invertebrates.
Caught fish are very active in industrial scale. Mostly caught specimens weighing 5 to 10 kg, although fish can gain weight up to 70 kilograms.
Listed in the Red book and is considered as the largest freshwater fish, and endangered species. Beluga can weigh about 1 thousand kilograms, with a length of 4 meters and more. The Beluga can live for 100 years, no less. Begins to spawn on average 15 years, although it spawns in my life a few times and lots of eggs.
The diet of this giant fish includes small fish, molluscs, and often the baby seals.
Considered to be catadromous fish that inhabits in the Caspian, Aral, Azov and Black seas. Winters spike in rivers, such as the Urals or the Volga.
Fish live to 30 years and grows to a length of 2 meters and weighs 30 kilograms.
The salmon family
Scientists have identified 3 major subspecies of this family:
The representatives of this family differ elongated, compressed on both sides, the form body having a gray-blue color. On the back you can see numerous dark spots; the belly is of a silvery hue. Depending on habitat conditions, and fish age, its color may differ, although only slightly.
For example, salmon, as one of the brightest representatives of this family, before the spawn changes its color to dark, and males acquire patches of red.
Where are the salmon?
The salmon is found, as in the White sea and Baltic sea, and in rivers within the basins of these seas. Most recently, he met in Siberia. Closer to the North Pacific ocean meet large schools of this fish.
The method of reproduction
Typically, salmon spawn from year to year in the same places under the late summer or early fall. For spawning, they enter rivers.
The fish becomes sexually Mature when reaching 2 or 3 years of age, depending on the environment. The older the fish, the higher in the river, she comes for spawning.
After spawning, the fish return back into the natural environment of their habitat in late autumn. Often it remains on the spawning grounds until spring, depending on weather conditions. This refers to those areas that are located closer to the Northern latitudes.
The caviar of this fish is large; moreover, the older individuals are, the more they have calves. After the birth of the fry, they live in the spawning grounds up to 3 years to achieve adulthood, and then falling into the sea, where the many forms of the pack.
The fish species pictures and names
Considered one of the brightest representatives of this family. It is also called the fish”spotty” due to the presence of numerous dark spots located on its body.
This fish found in the waters of the Western part of Europe, and in southern water bodies of Russia. Trout prefer to live in cold, crystal clear water, which is not covered with ice all year round. In the summer, when the water temperature rises, the trout prefers to stay in the shadows, in the vicinity of the springs, showing no activity.
Trout is a predatory fish that can eat caviar while it’s still small, but also small fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world when she becomes an adult.
Considered one of the most valuable species of the salmon family. This fish is able to grow to a length of five feet, and weighs about 40 pounds. The usual habitat of North Atlantic waters, although the spawning, it prefers to leave in the river.
The fish is carnivorous and eats mostly small fish, like herring or sand eels. Found usually in the lakes, such as Ladoga and Onega.
It is the most numerous species of salmon that inhabit the waters of the Pacific ocean. Salmon grows in length up to 70 cm, not more, and reaches a weight of about 3 kilograms.
On the second or third year of life the fish become adult and ready to breed. Pink salmon spawn at the end of the summer or in the fall. The peculiarity lies in the fact that all fry that were born from her eggs is a female. After a while some of them acquire characteristics of males.
It is a migratory fish that, like salmon, is large, growing to lengths of only up to 60 cm, while gaining weight not more than 3 pounds.
Inhabits the Arctic ocean, but spawn moves to the river. There is the Baikal omul, which is one of the subspecies of this fish. Omul feeds on plankton or small fish. Is commercial interest, therefore, harvested on a large scale.
Inhabits the Northern latitudes of the Pacific ocean, but for the continuation of their kind is sent in the river. The body of the chum salmon has a silvery hue, without any spots or stripes, but before spawning its color varies greatly, and her side, becoming a crimson hue.
Chum salmon is the summer and autumn. They differ in how behavior and their appearance.
Far Eastern salmon
This is also referred to as Pacific salmon. It is a migratory species of fish that grows and develops in the seas and oceans, and spawn comes in the river. At the same time, she spawns in the same places where it was born itself.
All species of salmon differ in that they have different periods of maturation. Coho and Chinook salmon are among the most vivid representatives of far Eastern salmon.
Use the red fish for health
Red fish is characterized in that its composition contains a set of useful components such as vitamins and minerals, without which man cannot live at all.
Red fish is rich in:
- Calcium and other minerals.
In the composition of meat revealed:
- Vitamin “A”.
- Vitamin “V”.
- Vitamin “PP” and others.
Interesting fact! Useful properties of red fish so significant that it is recommended by nutritionists for daily consumption because of the high caloric content. Regular consumption of red meat fish and its caviar can stop the aging process, strengthen hair and nails, rejuvenate the skin.
In addition, fish is useful, it is also tasty, so its meat is cooked real masterpieces in the form of Haute cuisine.
Red fish can be boiled, fried, baked in the oven, pickling, etc. the fish is delicious in any form, but the most useful it is raw, salted or pickled. No less useful it is baked in the oven or boiled, but roasted it is permissible to use only those people who have no problems with digestion. In other words, the red fish should have almost every day to ensure that the body is replenished with vitamins and microelements. Unfortunately, it is impossible to use the category of people that there is personal intolerance to seafood.