Salmon fish names, especially the types
Salmon fish names, especially the types
Salmonid fishes are among the most widespread inhabitants of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans and fresh water, located in the Northern hemisphere. The most famous and regularly occurring representatives of this family is fish such as trout, salmon, pink salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, seals, whitefish, sockeye salmon and others. These fish are characterized by a remarkable flavor characteristics. In this regard, their meat is used in cooking to prepare as a typical, everyday dishes and for the preparation of delicious dishes of Haute cuisine, as the pitch at the festive tables. Do not forget that salmon are a source of such delicacy as caviar.
In this article you will learn about the life of salmon, their way of life, about the useful properties and the fishery for this fish.
- 1 Descriptions of fishes of the salmon family
- 1.1 appearance
- 1.2 habitat
- 1.3 Spawn
- 2 Types of salmon and their names
- 2.1 Salmon
- 2.2 Salmon
- 2.3 Chum salmon
- 2.4 Sockeye
- 2.5 Coho salmon
- 2.6 Chinook salmon
- 2.7 Trout
- 2.8 SIG
- 2.9 Nelma
- 2.10 Trout
- 2.11 Goldilocks
- 2.12 Trout
- 2.13 the trout
Descriptions of fishes of the salmon family
It should be noted that the salmon, in turn, are divided into several subtypes, such as salmon, whitefish and hariusov.
According to researchers, this species of fish originated in the Cretaceous period of the Mesozoic era. Currently, salmon, in their appearance, reminiscent of the clupeiformes. Salmon, depending on type, able to grow in length from a few tens of cm to 2 m and 2.5 m. two of the longest members of this genus are the white-fish. At the same time, their weight can be several tens of kg.
Single copies of the Chinook, trout or salmon reach a weight of from 60 to 100 kg. Live salmon not long, about 10 years on average, although it is possible to meet and centenarians, for example, trout live almost 50 years.
The salmon family is different elongated and, at the same time, compressed on the sides of the body, which is round scales. The fins are in the middle of the belly. They can be easily distinguished from other fish by the presence of adipose fin small. These types of fish air bladder connected to the esophagus, and the skeleton is not as bony as other types of fish. For example, the skull is not solid bone, and cartilage.
Members of the genus salmon inhabit both salt and fresh water. Salt ponds is the sea and oceans, and freshwater are rivers. They are in huge numbers inhabit the freshwaters of the North African continent and also the North American continent.
This should focus on the fact that salmon prefer conditions that are characteristic for the cold hemisphere. With regard to the warm hemisphere, the salmon can be detected only in conditions of artificial breeding. In Russia, salmon meet in the far East, Kamchatka, near the Kuril Islands and the Sakhalin Peninsula. It is in these areas and are engaged in industrial fishing these types of fish.
Representatives of this genus of fishes inhabiting in the nature of the seas and oceans, before spawning, moving into freshwater rivers. While in rivers, this time the salmon get the status of anadromous fish. Some of these types of, originally can live in fresh water, namely lakes. What is most interesting, that they were going to spawn in places where it previously appeared. Salmon spawn on the second or third year of his life. Another very interesting fact from their lives: they go to the spawning grounds first and last time in his life. After the fish spawn, it is all killed, being then forage for many animals living in areas of spawning. This way of life that are salmon found in the Pacific, such as pink, chum, sockeye, etc. as for the salmon living in the Atlantic ocean, after spawning die, not all individuals. At the same time, some individuals spawn at least 4-5 times during its life.
Before spawning the process and during it, the salmon undergo major changes, especially in terms of color. Individuals become more bright, decorated with spots of red or black color, and the males formed a hump. Salmon was named on the basis of such a fact. Despite this, certain types of quite often change their colour, depending on the environmental conditions of the living environment.
The salmonid species and their names
The types quite a lot, so to tell about all will fail, but the most interesting and the most popular, have specific differences, it makes sense to tell.
Salmon is also called “Northern” or “noble” salmon. Salmon is one of the most valuable fish of this family. It stands out with tasty and tender meat, which has a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. The most common its population in the White sea.
Her body length from 1 to 1.5 meters, covered with scales, silver color, no characteristic, for salmonids, on the sides of the spots. The diet consists of salmon small fish. In the period of active reproduction almost refuses to eat. When the salmon goes on spawning grounds, it can be identified by eye-catching spots of red or orange that appear on the body of the fish.
To tell a pink salmon from other representatives of this kind quite easily at very small scales of a silver colour, and the presence of a large number of spots in the tail. During spawning, salmon very much transformerait your external appearance, and coloring. Females become almost black, especially the head and the fins, and males grow the teeth and on the back it formed a hump.
The salmon grows to a length of 65-70 SMV, not more. Habitat – the Pacific ocean and the Atlantic. In the period of spawning salmon moved into the rivers, as on the North American continent and in Siberia. Thus far against the tide rises.
The salmon ROE is quite large, reaching a size of 5 to 8 mm. After spawning the fish die. Spawning pink salmon begins in the three-year or four-year age. In the diet of pink salmon includes small fish, molluscs and crustaceans. According to many scientists, the salmon is relatively heat-loving fish, as comes to areas for wintering, where the water is not cooled below +5 degrees. Pink salmon is a valuable commercial varieties of types of fish and is considered a globally recognized seafood. Pink salmon trying to breed in other bodies of water, but it did not stick.
Ketu can also be attributed to the most famous species of fish. It is characterized by a silver color without any foreign bands or spots. During spawning it becomes almost black. It can be found in the Pacific ocean, and on spawning it comes to their seats, which are located in the upper reaches of such rivers of Siberia, like Kolyma, Lena, Yana, Cupid and others.
Share two forms of this fish:
- autumn, as the largest, with a length of about 1 m.
- year, not more than 70-80 cm in length.
Chum salmon has a relatively large eggs (7-8 mm) and is a valuable commercial species.
Sockeye salmon is especially prevalent in the Pacific, but Russia does not enjoy great popularity, since it is usually caught from the Asian shores or in Alaska. Sockeye salmon is characterized by the presence of a large number of Gill rakers, and the bright red color of the meat compared to meat of other salmon. They have a soft pink hue.
It has a rather small eggs (4-5 mm), in comparison with other types of salmonids. Grows to about 70-80 cm in length. Sockeye feed on small crustaceans. There are two types of sockeye salmon. This is because these subspecies spawns in different periods:
- in the summer or fall.
The main habitat of this fish is the Pacific ocean, and spawning coho salmon in the waters of North American continent and Asia. Coho salmon has silver scales bright color, so it is also called “silver salmon”. Basically, silver salmon grows to 60 cm in length, although some specimens, up to 80 cm coho salmon Spawn from September through the month of March, which can be characterized by the presence of ice on the surface of the pond. During this period, females and males alter its color to a bright crimson color.
Thus, coho is a fairly heat-loving fish, as it winters in areas where water is not cooled below +5°C and sometimes +9°C.
It is considered the most valuable fish of the salmon family. In addition, it is considered the largest of their representative. She can gain weight up to 50 kg, with a length of 80-90 cm. It can be distinguished by the characteristic of the Gill rays, which she can count at least fifteen.
It can be found in the North American continent, may spawn in the rivers of the Far East. Chinook salmon spawn throughout the summer. Moreover, fish makes with its tail recesses in the bottom and lays eggs. Live Chinook salmon for at least seven years, the average lifespan is 4-5 years. Chinook salmon feed on small fish. Chinook salmon is a nutritious red meat, so, it caught in large quantities.
This fish, which is found in the Russian Baltic, Black, Aral and White seas, also called salmon – trout. It is considered a passing fish and sent to spawning grounds located in the European rivers. Grow up to 47 cm in length, reaching from two to five pounds of weight. Despite this, it is possible to meet individual specimens weighing up to 15 kg. Trout are also fished fishing rate because of the tasty and healthy meat. Trout prefers to lead an interesting way of life: goes to spawn in the headwaters of rivers that does not migrate great distances, prefers bodies of fresh water, which spend most of their sushestvovanie.
Trout, which is found in the Azov and the Black sea called “black salmon”.
It is not a very large representative of the genus salmon, which can be found in both salt and fresh water. The average lifespan of a SIG is 7-10 years. Although there are individuals who have lived up to twenty years and raised a length of 50 cm.
The fish has a silvery hue and dark fins. Generally, there are several subspecies of whitefish, which practically do not differ from one another. At the same time, mention should be made about one particular whitefish: their meat is white, compared to other representatives of the salmon.
Nelma belongs to the whitefish subfamily, but, unlike other relatives of this subfamily, are able to grow to 1.3 meters in length, weight about 30 kg.
This fish does not like salt water, and is found mainly in the rivers of cold hemisphere. Going to sea, she tries to stick to desalinated sections of the sea. Has a commercial interest, as its tasty and nutritious meat.
This fish is divided into ordinary, Sakhalin, Korean, and of Danube trout. These species differ in appearance due to the specific habitat conditions. Ordinary trout, usually found on the Amur river and the lakes large size. It differs from the Danube kindred fewer rakers on the gills.
Sakhalin taimen is a fish pass. Can grow to a length of one meter, while gaining weight 20 to 30 pounds. Taimen is a valuable commercial fish. It feeds on small fish.
Goldilocks distinguished by dark color, with Golden shimmer. He spawns fairly small eggs, and in appearance resembles whitefish.
This type of fish found in the rivers of the Far East and Siberia. His diet consists of the larvae of various insects. Like most salmonids, greenling is among the commercial fish species.
Who has not heard about trout? This kind of representative salmonid species inhabits large lakes, such as Onega and Ladozskoe. Trout can be found in Karelia and in the White sea basin and the Baltic.
Depending on the environment of its habitat is isolated brook trout (common) and brown trout. This fish prefers freshwater ponds with crystal clear and cold water. At the same time, it may have the original painting. Spawning trout in the autumn-winter period. Trout eats a variety of food, ranging from insect larvae and ending with a small fish.
There are several varieties of trout:
- American, etc.
The trout stands a very tasty meat, so it is industrial fishing. Along with the industrial fishing, trout are bred in artificial ponds industrial scale. This fish species is subject to fishing, both for anglers and for anglers.
Found this fish in lake Sevan and in translation means “Prince”. Spawning trout derives at some period of the year. Their usual colour is silver, but during spawning, the fish changes its color to dark, with bright red spots that appear on the body of individuals. The trout spawn on the lake bottom. Some individuals gain weight in 15 kg, but the average size of this fish is within 30 cm, with a weight of about a pound and a half. Trout has a very tasty meat from which it is possible to prepare true dishes.
The Salmonidae family includes a great number of fish species that are valued for excellent taste. Some of the species are anadromous, others freshwater, but they all have great commercial importance.